lundi 6 avril 2015

Héraldique du Royaume-Uni : armoiries d'écoles 1


Après Oxford et Cambridge, voici les armes de quelques grandes écoles du Royaume-Uni, dont la réputation est parfois fort ancienne, illustrées par des chromolithographies de la Belle Époque. Les textes, en langue anglaise (à l'intention de nos amis héraldistes d'Outre-Manche), indiquent l'origine de chaque école, sa particularité et son importance en terme d'effectifs (chiffres de l'époque). Pour ce premier volet, voici donc : Abingdon School, Bath College, Blundell's School, Tiverton, Bradfield College, Bromsgrove School, Chaterhouse, Cheltenham College, Christ's Hospital, Denstone College, Derby School, Eastbourne College, Edinburgh College, Royal Naval School & Eton College.


Abingdon School 1563

Founded in 1563 by John Roysse, Mercer, of London. The School was re-built in 1870, and re-organised in 1878. Boys number about 100. There are Classical and Modern Sides, and a Prepatory Form. The School has Scholarships at Pembroke College, Oxford. Motto : I will sing the mercies of the Lord for ever. (Psalm 89)
Bath College 1892  

Bath College, on Bathwick Hill, a mile from the heart of the city, was established to provide first-grade education in accordance with the principies of the Church of England. Number of boys about 115. There are Classical and Modern Sides, and Junior and Prepatory Schools. The city arms are used. Motto : They can because they think they can.










Blundell's School, Tiverton 1604

 
« Founded and endowed in the year 1604 by Master Peter Blundell, of the same place, clothier. » So wrote Blackmore in Lorna Doone. The school-house associated with John Ridd is no longer used, new buildings having been erected a mile out of the town in 1882. There are Classical and Modern Sides. The boys number about 240. Motto : For fatherland and people.


Bradfield College 1850  

Founded by Rev. Thomas Stevens, a former rector of Bradfield, in 1850 for the education of boys as « loving children of the Church of England ». Incorporated by Royal Charter in 1862. Number of boys about 330. The Foundation Scholars, of whom there one to every ten Commoners up to 160, must be either fatherless or the sons of poor clergymen or gentlemen. Motto, (from 119th Psalm) : Blessed art Thou, O Lord, teach me Thy statutes.
Bromsgrove School 1553  

Founded by King Edward VI. In 1553 ; re-founded and endowed by Sir Thos, Cookes, Bart., in 1693. There are about 130 boys in the School, nearly all boarders, Classical and Modern Sides, and a special Army Class. Several Scholarships and Exhibitions at Worcester College, Oxford, are open to boys educated at Bromsgrove. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chaterhouse 1611 


Founded by « good old Thomas Sutton », merchantn in 1611, as a « hospital » fr 40 boys and 80 men. The « poor brethren » still occupy the Cathusian Monastery at Smitthfield, but the school was transferred in 1872 to Godalming. Old Carthusians : - Steele, Addison, Judge Blackstone, J. Wesley, Leech, Gen, Havelock, Bishop Thirlwall, Thackeray, Lord Alverstone, General Baden-Powell, & C. Motto : God being the Giver, I have given.


Cheltenham College 1841  

Founded 1841 ; incorporated by Act of Parliament, 1894. The handsome Tudor's Buildings date from 1843. Scholars number about 600. There are Classical, Military and Civil, and Junior Departments. Lord james of Hereford, John Morley, E. H. Lecky, Briton Rivière, and other famous men educated here. Motto : Labour conquers everything.
Christ's Hospital 1552  

Founded by Edward VI. In 1552, on the side of an old monastery of the Grey Friars, near Newgate, the « Blue Coat School » was in 1902 removed to new buildings at West Horsham. Number of boys about 800, divided into Latin (Classical Side), Mathematical (Modern Side), and Prepatory Schools. S. T. Coleridge, Charles Lamb, Leight Hunt, and many present members of City Corporation, were Bluecoat boys. 
Denstone College 1873 

This is the senior school in the Midland division of the important Woodard foundation. The site was given by Sir Percival Heywood, an the ground plan takes the shape of the letter H in acknowledgment. Opened 1873 ; chapel dedicaded 1887. Number of boys about 230. Motto : The wood of the Crossis the tree of knowledge.
Derby School 1160  

One of the oldest school in England, dating probably from the Saxon period, though Walter Durdant, Bishop of Lichfield, in gererally regarded as founder (1160). When the monasteries were dissolved the school property was vested by Queen Mary in the town of Derby. School re-constituted 1879. Number of boys 150. The deer in first and fourth quarters is from the town arms. Motto : The life of man without learning is death.
Eastbourne College 1867  

Founded in 1867 in order to provide a first-grade public school education at moderate cost. Number of boys averages 180. Thera are Classical and Modern Schools, and special Army and Medical Classes. The College stands in the own grounds of about eight acres. Motto : Salvation out of the East.
Edinburgh College 1824  

Founded 1824. Incorporated by Royal Charter 1825. Sir Walter Scott, an original director, made the inaugural speech. The Academy comprises a Prepatory School for boys under ten, and an Upper School. Number of scholars averages 400, of whom all but about 50 are day boys. The School Prefects, know as « Ephors » are elected by the senior classes.
Royal Naval School, Eltham 1840  

Incorporated by Act of Parliament in 1840, to provide a public school training for the sons of officers in the Royal Navy and Marines. The school has since 1851 been open to all sons of gentlemen. Removed to Eltham from New Cross in 1889. Boys are prepared for a variety of professional careers, as well as for the Navy and Army. Motto : May is last for ever. The arms are appropriately nautical. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eton College 1440  

Founded by Henry VI. In 1440, this is now the most famous of the public schools of England. Over 1 000 scholars, including 70 King's Scholars, or « Collegers. » Boys not on the Foundation are « Oppidans. » The great school event is the famous 4th June celebration. Distinguished Etonians : Pitt, C. J. Fox, Shelley, Duke of Wellington, W. E. Gladstone, late Lord Salisbury, Lord Rosebery, A. J. Balfour, Lord Roberts, General Buller, and many others.